The events of the first international conference titled (The Protection of Antiquities and Historical Structures During and After Armed Conflicts) closed in the conference hall in Tripoli’s Exhibition, which was organized by The International Humanitarian Law Center between the 25th-26th of this April.
And many research was presented during the scientific sessions of the conference, from several cnations including Libya, Yamen, Algeria, Egypt, and Palestine. Wherein the final day opened by holding The Sixth Scientific Session lead by Mr. Ehsan Madbooh, president of the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor. During the morning period, the conference covered the following topics:
The importance of Leptis Magna, and the Frescoes. As well as taking inventory of the damage and deterioration done to the means used to repair and maintain it according to scientific basis, and legally protect it.
The legal status of the antiquities in Palestine in general, and Jerusalem especially, and discussing the laws set by the International Humanitarian Law for those antiquities during the period of occupation and providing protection for it.
Putting a spotlight on the situation of the antiquities in Yamen in the time of the war, and what has come of it of looting and destruction of valuable artifacts; as well as a general overview regarding the protection of Antiquities, between the theory and reality of it.
The conference also went over the phenomenon of illegal excavation; the reasons, motivation, the dangers it has on the antique sites, and the efforts made internationally through UNESCO’s Convention for banning the illegal trade of cultural properties.
The importance of utilizing the poster guides in raising awareness and educating children; which will in turn develop a sense of importance of these cultural treasures, and as such protect and preserve them.
The seventh scientific session was lead by Dr. Haniya Sharif, lecturer at the Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Lounisi Ali, Algeria.
Several topics were discussed in this session; such as presenting a study regarding the provisions of law No. (3) of the year 1995 about the protection of antiquities, the effectiveness of incriminating texts, its punishment, and comparing it to parallel legislative provisions regarding the protection of antiquities.
Also addressed was the study of the Libyan Condition during the February 17th revolution in 2011, and the effectiveness of the international cooperation from Libya, and the rest of the struggling countries, in smuggling the antiquities, and their role in recovering the stolen antiquities in legal means.
The part International Criminal Courts can take in protecting the antiquities in Libya in light of the unrest and weakness of the security establishment.
As well as the position of International Conventions in regards to the international criminal protection of cultural properties during armed conflicts, and the statement of some of the relevant international crimes.
Also presented was the Palestinian situation in terms of being threatened, its Islamic and distinctive cultural character being destroyed, and the necessity of considering providing legal protection of these places.
The Eighth Scientific Session was the closer for the sessions, lead by Dr. Faisal Naim, a lecturer in the Archeology Institute, University of Algiers 2, Buzraya.
This sessions dealt with the part of traditional and modern media in terms of preserving archeological sites during armed conflicts, by spreading awareness and understanding of the preservation of antiquities and historical structures case between all of society’s different facts.
The researchers also clarified how media coverage could limit the assaults on these landmarks and stir up general enlightened discussions regarding the laws and policies, as well as developing them and treating the limitations in them.
The conference cited the importance of tying non-governmental organizations concerned with cultural heritage in planning, putting policies, and organizing to protect historical artifacts.
The attendees pointed out the important part carried out by the residence of the area of Leptis Magna including ruins’ watchman and a number of employees’ surveillance and placing mechanisms of protection and preservation on the ancient city during the first hours of February 17th revolution.
At the end of the conference there was a workshop about the protection of archeological and historical structures during and after armed conflicts, lead by Dr. Mahfooth Towaty, Professor of Public Law and Constitutional Law Expert; with the participation of the expert in The International Criminal Court Dr. Mokhtar Omar Shenan, bearing a doctorate in International Humanitarian Law; The International Humanitarian Law expert Prof. Ehsan Madbooh, president of the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor; the Archeology expert Prof. Najeeb Ben Ouda, an extension to the preservation of public Museum National Maritime; the archeological expert Mr. Ramadan Al-Shebany head of the technical affairs department in Tripoli Archeology Monitor.
The workshop got positive reactions by participants and attendees by engaging in discussions, information exchange, and reasoning which affirms the hoped benefit of the conference.
In the conclusion of the conference the members of the scientific committee, local and international researchers, and participants of the workshop were honored, in recognition of their efforts and appreciation for their participation.